(If you don’t want to get mad you may not want to continue reading)
1. Why do we refer to our Kriolu language as “Portuguese dialect”? Or a mixture of Portuguese and African?
Both terms are factually incorrect. A dialect infers mutual intelligibility. Portuguese and Kriolu are not. Most Cape Verdeans understand Portuguese because it’s taught in the schools and is the language of business and commerce. It’s a second language for them. Unless Kriolu is being taught in Portuguese classrooms somewhere that I’m not aware of, it’s a safe bet that Portuguese aren’t referring to our language as a dialect of their own, as they would the Portuguese spoken in the Azores, Madeira or Brazil.
As a matter of fact, we only have to read historical texts, that they wrote in their own words, to see depictions of Kriolu speakers as dumb and uneducated. They ridiculed our ancestors and the way they spoke! It was a “nonsense” language. They NEVER attempted to identify it as a “dialect” of their language. We, Kriolu speakers, are the only ones making this argument. They don’t claim it so why are we holding on to an idea that only perpetuates colonization of our minds and identity.
Why do we insist on calling the language that embodies our “Caboverdeanidade” something IT IS NOT!?!?!
Even if we hold on to the false narrative that we speak a “dialect”, why can’t it be a dialect of Wolof, Fula or Serer? Those were the mother tongues of the majority of the blacks that set foot on the islands as enslaved captives. “African” is not a language… it’s crazy that I even have to make this distinction! It’s a continent…!!!!
So much has been done to erase our black history and ignore the contributions that our ancestors made. Can we really continue to ignore that they made significant contributions to the language we use to identify ourselves?
Kriolu is not a dialect but a “Creole language”. It basically means that vocabulary from various contributing languages were combined with a grammatical set of rules that some believe we are all born with (Bickerton). This (very simple) definition implies and demands that there is more than just Portuguese contributions (or Spanish, Italian, etc for that matter) in Kriolu. I am very sure that Blacks weren’t a literal “silent” majority in Cabo Verde to the extent that their native tongues were not an integral part in the creation of Kriolu. To ignore this fact is to perpetuate an already egregious insult to our ancestors. They deserve to be remembered just as much as some CV’s remember AND celebrate our European ancestors.
Another aspect of a Creole language is that it evolves. Every known language has. It becomes less a creole and becomes structurally independent “target language” just like English (which was also a creole). What we speak is a LANGUAGE… it is NOT a dialect, nor a slang and definitely not some nonsense jargon. I understand the legacy of colonization is to blame, I just don’t agree with perpetuating my own colonization.
When I speak the language of my ancestors, I honor them.
N ta papia Kriolu, e bo?